What muscles do the elliptical machines work and machines for indoor fitness and/or sports training that simulate the movement of cross-country skiing. They are similar to treadmills, stationary bikes, horizontal stationary bikes, steps, side steps, etc.
Why you should choose the elliptical machine to do your training
The benefits associated with the use of the elliptical machines are therefore the same as for other aerobic activities. We talk about cardiovascular, respiratory, and muscle training.
What’s more, the preventive or curative impact on many types of disease or functional degeneration should not be overlooked. Compared to the treadmill, these tools preserve many joints from rebound stress: for example, the back, knees, ankles. More importantly, you can train with the elliptical machines without using your upper body in case of problems with your shoulders, hands, wrists or elbows.
Who is the elliptical machine for?
The physical requirements for the use of the elliptical machines are the basic ones of the healthy constitution. Certified physiotherapists can find application in the therapy of those who have had cardiovascular events, of those suffering from dysmetabolic pathologies and in functional rehabilitation or prevention of certain rheumatological joint pathologies.
Because of the high energy cost associated and involving the use of the whole body, the elliptical machines lend themselves to weight loss therapy against overweight. Now, let’s see what muscles do the elliptical machine work.
What muscles does the elliptical machine work during your exercises?
By moving the elliptical machine forward, the normal and more common gesture will train the quadriceps, abdominals, and buttocks. This supposes the use of repetitions and set in a pre-planned schedule of exercises. By moving the elliptical machine backward, on the other hand, you will exercise the posterior thigh muscles (flexors, such as the biceps femoris).
By pulling and pushing the upper arms of the machine, it is possible to train the muscles of the upper limbs (biceps and triceps brachii, supinator muscle, etc.), the pectorals, the shoulders (deltoids and trapezius) and the back (large back, round, etc.).
As for the legs, pedalling on the elliptical machine takes place in two directions: clockwise (forward), toning the abs, quadriceps, and buttocks and counterclockwise (backwards), exercising the rear muscles of the legs. This exercise is part of a cardio workout. The exertion will burn fat and calories, so it is essential to proceed gradually.
About the training
More important than what muscles does the elliptical machine work, it is how you use it to train those muscle groups. The use of the elliptical machine will benefit from professional supervision. A trainer will know how to best calibrate the type and intensity of the training, according to each situation. This will prevent contractures, tears, or excessive fatigue.
In addition to muscle conditioning, elliptical training allows you to have positive effects on joints and tendons. On the other hand, the stimulus of resistance produces significant benefits for the entire cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Not to mention the positive effects on psychological balance, conferred by the reduction of nervous stress and the release of endorphins.